Native Customary Rights (NCR) Lands
The Land and Survey Department (JTS), Sri Aman Division has began working on measuring Native Customary Rights lands in Kampung Bukong, Engkilili on last 20 September, 2011. It is the first area in Sri Aman to be measured under the New NCR Initiative. The mesuring works will take about 21 days to be completed involving an area of about 454 hectares owned by residents of longhouses in the said area. According to Majuan Jeraie, Superintandant of the Land and Survey Department, Sri Aman Division, the works will involve 50 residents of Bukong, Skandis and Danau longhouses in Engkilili with the aim of determining the boundaries of the individual NCR lands.
He further explained once maesurement works have been completed, the NCR lands will then be gazetted as a Bumiputera Common User Reserve under Section 6 of the State Land Code and documents pertaning to the gazette will be kept at the said department as well as the Land Office, Sri Aman. A copy of the gazette will also be given to the local community chief as proof that the NCR lands in Kampung Bukong have been measured and owned by the community in the said area. It has been made to understand that the ownership of NCR lands that have been gazetted will be administered under the laws of the customs of the individual community. In other words, matters pertaining to the purchase, transfer, transmission of rights and privileges of the land concerned will governed by the laws of the customs of the said community. In addition to that, owners of the lands will be able to know in the event that the lands are being encroached illegally as the boundaries are clearly demarcated.
Majuan also added that works to measure NCR lands will be continued until the end of the 10th Malaysia Development Plan (RMK-10) that is, until end of the 2015. The objective is to ensure that all NCR lands in Sarawak have been measured and owners receive the ownership documents as an assurance that the said NCR lands belong to them. Reacting to the announcement prior to the occasion, Pawi anak Lamoh, Tuai Rumah (Tr) of Kampung Danau, Engkilili expressed his gratitude to the Barisan Nasional government and the Land and Survey Department (JTS) for making the request of the issue of measuring NCR lands a reality which will guarantee the future of the treasures of their ancestors. (KK7: 20 October, 2010)
Allocation For Minor Rural Projects (MRP)
Residents of the Engkilili State Constituency stand to benefit due to the implementation of various Mini Rural Projects (MRP). The State Assemblyman for Engkilili, YB Dr Johnical Rayong Ngipa handed the Mini Rural Project grant amounting to RM368,000 to a number of Village Development and Security Committees (JKKK) and associations in his constituency. The occasion was held on 6 June 2010, during the Gawai Dayak with the State Assemblyman organised by the Gaie@Maing Lidong Village Development and Security Committee (JKKK) at the Ski Skrang Community Hall. According to YB Dr Rayong, the grant was the amount allocated to him to date and the balance will be given at a later date. He hoped the Village Development and Security Committees (JKKK) and associations that have received the grant would utilise it for the benefit of their longhouses and villages.
YB Dr Rayong further added that the multi racial communities living in the rural areas have benefitted as most of the development projects have been implemented as a result of their unity and it is also a proof that the state government under the leadership of YAB Pehin Seri Abdul Taib Mahmud as the Chief Minister, is sensitive to the needs of the people. If the multiracial community in the state do not maintain their unity and close relationship, the government will not be able to implement development projects and they will lose out. Hence, he urged them to maintain the unity and harmonious relationship so that they will be able to give full cooperation to the government in order to speed up the development of the state. (KK5: 10 June, 2010)
Profiting From Development
Kampung Darai Village Development and Security Committee (JKKK) in collaboration with the Sarawak Special Affairs Department (JASA) organised a Leader-Citizen Meet-up on the 15th of August 2009 at the Darai Longhouse. The ceremony was officiated by the Lubuk Antu Member Of Parliament, William Nyalau Badak. Also present were 40 Tuai Rumah or headman in addition to 700 residents in the longhouse vicinity at the Small District of Engkilili. To add to the merriment was the presence of Engkilili State Assemblyman (ADUN), Dr Johnical Rayong Ngipa, and the Information Officer of the JASA Lubuk Antu, Geoffery Baja Ricky, Senior External Assistant of JASA Engkilili, Edwin Ancheh and government officers from the neighbouring small districts.
In his speech, Dr Johnical Rayong Ngipa encouraged the residents of the longhouse to give their full cooperation to the developers in order to execute development projects in their area. It was an unwise move on the part of some residents who had chased away the developers or the company involved in the government projects. Rayong also advised the Iban residents to safeguard the development that they had achieved in order to enjoy further development in future.
In the ceremony, Rayong also announced the allocation of RM7,000 for the Rural Mini Projects (MRP) to the JKKK of Ragai Longhouse and RM3,000 for the Longhouse Women Bureau. Meanwhile, Nyalau is prepared to channel an allocation of RM200,000 to upgrade the road leading to the longhouse. (Last Update: 28 September 2009)
JKKK, The Government’s “Eyes” And “Ears”
Engkilili is administered by the Daerah Kecil Engkilili Office which is founded in the 1950s and located in the district of Lubok Antu. Initially, the district office was situated in a settlement belonging to Lubok Antu District Council before relocated to Pekan Engkilili in the 1960s. Its administration is managed by an Administrative Officer, Assistant Administrative Officer and assisted by two Administrative Assistants, a Junior Administrative Assistant as well as 10 General Workers. According to the Administrative Officer, Barayan Lenya, the Daerah Kecil Engkilili Office is the agent for the state and federal governments in developing the surrounding villages. It also acts as a platform for the Federal Government and the State to channel the various allocations to the people and for the latter to forward their problems to the government.
Various functions which involve the participation of the JKKK and villagers are organised by the Lubok Antu Member of Parliament, YB William Nyalau Anak Badak, as a means of fostering relationships among the villagers. As an example, the “Program Kursus Ummah Bersama Jabatan Hal Ehwal Khas” (JASA) was officially launched by YB William at the Engkabie House in Engkilili in 2009. During the course of the programme, allocations of RM10,000 and RM3,000 for the development of the Rural Small Projects (MRP) was handed to the Kampung San Semanju Village Development and Security Committee (JKKK) as representative of the long house residents in Engkilili. Through the allocations channelled by the government, the JKKK acts as the motivator to social activities besides the government’s eyes and ears for development allocations. According to Barayan, the JKKK is tasked with the responsibility of evaluating the requirement needed prior to the channelling of allocations by the government for the construction of roads, community hall, repairing homes and other facilities.
Besides that, a Temenggung heads the administration of Engkilili. He administers and performs the roles of a community leader by representing the various races, especially the Iban, Chinese and Malay. Representing the Sri Aman area, the Temenggung will forward reports on problems besides briefings on the development that will be undertaken by the Office of Daerah Kecil Engkilili. The Temenggung is assisted by a Pemanca, Tay Ban Cho, who represents the Chinese community in Lubok Antu. The Pemanca, also known as the Village Head, acts as the intermediary between the villagers and district office. In fact, the Pemanca is assisted by nine headmen whereby seven positions are allocated to the Ibans and one position each for the Chinese and Malay. The functions of the headmen are to oversee, control and channel the village information to the administration authority as well as to preserve the culture and customs of the respective races.