Moginakan Nunuk Ragang Ceremony
Moginakan Nunuk Ragang Ceremony 2012 which took place at Kampung Nunuk Ragang on 8 June 2012 was the highlight of the 28th Anniversary of the coronation of Huguan Siou ll or supreme leader. The ceremony was officiated by the Second Deputy Chief Minister of Sabah, YB Tan Sri Joseph Pairin Kitingan. The annual Moginakan Nunuk Ragang Festival was very special as it commemorates the ancestral origin of the Kadazandusun Murut (KDM) community besides providing them to opportunity to strengthen fraternal ties and unity.
According to YB Tan Sri Joseph, descendants of Nunuk Ragang were rich with cultures inherited by their ancestors. Thus, the present generation should further improve the quality of the cultures for the better. As such, Nunuk Ragang descendants were urged to improve quality through commendable achievement that could lift the tribe’s dignity to a higher level. The achievement of a veteran leader, YBhg Tan Sri Datuk Seri Panglima Dr Herman Luping, was cited as an example. He was a person who never tired of providing information and knowledge about the background of KDM, including producing a book and film, Pangazou, which propel the dignity of Nunuk Ragang descendants.
Moginakan Festival is a special occasion which is full of love for the KDM since the tribe is spread across the state. The involvement of the younger generation in the festival in efforts to identify their origins and present their culture is commendable. Thus, Nunuk Ragang descents should be aware that Moginakan Festival is one of the fields for them to develop a deep feeling of love for their culture. (KK15: 10 July 2012 – By: Azizah Ayub)
Nunuk Ragang Monument
Although the location of Nunuk Ragang Monument was not in Kampung Toboh Lama, its inception in Ranau was coincidental to the history and identity of the Kadazan Dusun people in the district. This was because the monument, sited in Kampung Tompias, unfolded the legendary origins of the Kadazan-Dusun community which was closely linked to the story of Nunuk Ragang. A detailed research on the story was conducted and verified by Sabah Kadazan-Dusun Cultural Association (KDCA). In 1995, the Sabah government approved the construction of the monument, the pride of this indigenous race. Briefly speaking, the establishment of the monument costing nearly RM 1 Million was inspired by Datuk Seri Joseph Kitingan, President of KDCA.
According to research, there were at least four theories linking to the origin of the Kadazan-Dusun race. Some of the theories stated that the Kadazan-Dusun was the descendants of Mongoloid (Ivor H N Evans: 1923 and T R Williams: 1965), Indo-Malayan (T R Williams: 1965), mixed Chinese parentage (Ivor H N Evans: 1923 and Owen Rutter: 1922) and descendants of Madal cave. Nonetheless, one of the popular oral history cited a legend claiming the Kadazan-Dusun came from a place called Nunuk Ragang. There were two rivers which flowed in the area, the Kegibangan, which flowed on the left, and Kawananan, which flowed on the right. These rivers converged to form a bigger river known as Liwogu River (which means deep and calm).
A large Bayan (Nunuk) tree grew on the bank at the convergence of the two rivers. The tree was enormous such that part of its roots and branches leaned towards the Liwogu River. The overhanging branches and roots were suitable for recreation such as climbing, hanging, for shelter and so forth. The people enjoyed bathing and swimming in the river, basking on the branches and hanging on the roots of the Bayan tree such that they were “angaragang”. ‘Nunuk itu Red” or Nunuk Ragang is a metaphor to illustrate a large number of people (red figures) and their antics as they relaxed around the tree. A reddish colour glowed as the sun shone on the bodies of these people. Thus, the tree appeared red which led it to be known as Nunuk Ragang (Aragang/Ragang means Red).
Since then, Nunuk Ragang became the identity of the Kadazan-Dusun in Sabah who believed that their origins began in the area. The place was known as Pomogunan Nunuk Ragang, a name taken in conjunction with the Bayan tree which appeared red due to the presence of many people at one point in time. When the sun shines from the west, from 1.00pm to 4.00pm, many people would throng the Nunuk Ragang Monument area to bathe or swim in the Liwogu River, or climb, hang and bask on the Nunuk branches. Such scenes could be seen daily except during bad weather conditions or floods. Whenever someone was to look at the Bayan tree in that scenario whether from a distance, on top of a hill or from the Liwogu River, it would be “aragang” and simply incredible. (Last Update: 21 January 2011)
Where The River Flows Life Exists Alongside
Toboh Lama was originally a forest. According to history, a small group of emigrants from Nunuk Ragang Ranau, 75 kilometres from Toboh Lama moved to this current location after finding the village is perfect for agricultural activity and the rest was history.
When the first villagers found a river amid the village, they saw that it had many fishes. This sparked the idea to start catching them as food. However with absence of proper tools to catch those fishes, they found a type of weed which produces tuboh (Kadazan Dusun’s language). Tuboh is known as poison in the Malay language. This was used by villagers to catch the fishes in groups. Ever since then the river is known as Sungai Tuboh. Conjunctionally, Kampung Toboh's name was from the existence of the river’s name.
Originally, Kampung Toboh Lama was under Tambunan's district during the English colonial times. During the land reclamation after the state of independence, the village was under Ranau's district instead. At this point, Tuboh was changed to Toboh and ever since then the village’s name was Kampung Toboh.